John Jude

John Page Jude (17, 43) was born in Newton-by-Cambridge, Cambridge, England to parents James Jude (1760-1829) and Frances Page (1761-1829). The family had relocated from Foxton to Newton between the years 1789 and 1790. John had a twin sister named Sarah, both born on 28th June 1795 (32). 

The village of Newton was built up around the intersection of the five roads from Harston, Hauxton, Whittlesford, Thriplow and Foxton. It has always been a small village, and in 1801 was home to only 114 people. In 1746 much of the village was destroyed by a fire. The village's economy has always been dominated by farming (11).

Convict
John married Elizabeth Green in 1818. Their first child, Betsey, died as a baby. Jane, their second child, was born the following year, and son, Page was born two years later (32).

John Sutton was convicted of theft early in 1823. His trial was held on 17th February 1823, he was sentenced to seven years transportation. The newspaper article reads:
"John Butler, Wm Winters, Michael Weston, John Jude, and Henry Smith were most clearly convicted of stealing 11 ducks, the property of Mr Kidman Watson, of Harston, independent of the confession of an accomplice named James Northrope, who was admitted evidence. Winters had also made a confession before the magistrate - Sentence, seven years transportation" (33).
Duck Thieves, Cambridge Chronicle 1823

John was transported aboard the convict ship 'Guilford' and arrived at Sydney Cove on 5th March 1824 (34). His wife, Elizabeth, returned to live with her father, Thomas. Both of them are listed in the 1851 English Census as a widow and widower (19).

Armatree
John was given his Certificate of Freedom on 28 May 1831 and is described as "five feet 61/2 inches tall with a fresh complexion, brown hair and hazel eyes" (35). In 1828 he was granted a lease No.98 for a property on the Castlereagh River of 16,000 acres which he called "Armatree". After taking up more land in the north west of NSW he eventually bought 4 acres of land on the Western side of the Nepean River called "Yodalla" (36). 
"The village of Armatree is located just west of the Castlereagh Highway between Gilgandra and Gulargambone. The Armatree locality was developed from the late 1830s when John Jude took up the Armatree Run. Andrew Brown of Cooerwull near Lithgow also established his Illamagulia run near Armatree in the 1830s,  the first on this section of the Castlereagh River. Other settlers, including the Richardsons from Mendooran, Lloyds, Twiggs and Patricks also established properties in the area. The principal properties close to the current village of Armatree were Bullagreen, Nianbah and Sunnyside. These properties originally undertook predominantly pastoral activities, running sheep and cattle. Wheat was also grown on some properties, including John Nott’s station, from the 1830s (51, 52)."
Records indicate that John Jude and John Hall "were the first people to hold licences to depasture stock on the Castlereagh River downstream from Mendooran. They lodged their application for a licence on 31st December 1836 with the description “Carlingangong North Western beyond Wellington Valley”; by 30th September 1839 John Jude acquired a licence for the adjoining area called Armatree" (12). He also obtained the 16,000 acrea's  property Willan Corah, on the eastern side of the River Mole (50), 40 miles from Coonamble (43).  John's cattle were branded with 'IJ' (43).
Claims to Crown Leases 1848 (50)

John Jude's Second Family
John had a family with a native woman, most likely a member of the local Wailwan People. In 1841 his daughter, Eliza, was born (13, 14).

Eliza Jude & Richard Clark 1857
Baptism for their daughter Jane
At the age of 16 Eliza had a daughter, Jane, born on the Western Goldfields at Meroo, Tambaroora (Hill End) on 2nd March 1857. Jane's baptismal record dated 17th August, lists her parents as Richard Clark, an Armatree hutkeeper, and Eliza Jude, the ceremony performed in the "District of the Western Gold Fields in the County of Wellington NSW, by Revd. Alexander McEwen. (13)"

Eliza became the step mother to 10 year old Nancy, a daughter born to Richard Clark and a native woman, named on Nancy's baptism certificate, as Sarah (37). 

Eliza, mysteriously disappeared early in 1859 while visiting her sister. Sources say that a search party found Eliza murdered in a tree hollow on llumurgallia. A black man was held accountable (25). 
"Mysterious Disappearance - A half-caste woman, named Eliza Jude, about 18 years of age, residing at Armatree, on the Castlereagh River, left her home for the purpose of going to see her sister one night, and left the next morning on her way back, but has not since been heard of. The horse she rode, with saddle and bridle, was found at one of Mr Bennett's stations. A handkerchief fastened to the saddle, which had contained two gown pieces, given to the missing woman by her sister, was hanging in strips" (14).
Eliza disappeared while visiting her sister 1859
Eliza was buried at Sunnyside on the Gulargambone road (25). Her baby daughter, Jane, went to live with Mrs Ferguson at Rosedale, while her 10 year old step-daughter, Nancy, was sent to live with Mrs Richardson "somewhere around Armatree" (25). Much of today's family history comes from Nancy and the two families involved in raising the children.
Jane Clark, daughter of  Eliza Jude (53)
The newspaper article confirms the Aboriginal ancestry of children born to John Jude of Armatree and the fact that there were at least two daughters (14). Without the second name given to Eliza we might never have known her heritage.

When John Jude died on 4th February 1865 he left Armatree, New Armatree and Willancorah to his son Page Otto Jude (12).
Death Certificate of John Jude


Click here to read more about John Jude's first family

Click here to read more about the Ferguson's

Click here to read more about the Richardson's

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(Sources)
                                   
IMAGES
  • Certificate - Ancestry.com
  • Trove
  • British Newspaper Archive
  • Ancestry